Wind Energy: Engage, Involve, Energize!

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Under this part you can see some possible ways below in which local authorities can engage in renewable energy projects, either as a financial partner - investing into the project, or as a beneficiary of the project.

There may be other opportunities and innovative measures; thus you are encouraged to begin discussions wtih a developer as soon as possible, to explore all potential arrangements.

We suggest the following measures

Public private partnership

Public private partnership means a partnership between one or several private-sector companies and one or several public entities for the purpose of owning a wind farm or part of it. Public-private partnerships can be used to finance, build or operate projects. (Wise Power, 2015). Partnership including both private and public partners, among which at least one partner is a public entity (municipality, public authority).

Innovative investment fund

Innovative financing/ funding models are mechanisms enabling to finance a project or part of it, other than by usual bank loans or long-term credits granted by financial institutions. Often these innovative models are set up by actors which are not traditional actors of the financial sector. (Wise Power 2015).


Debt investment in which an investor loans money to an entity (corporate or governmental) that borrows the funds for a defined period of time at a fixed interest rate.

Private partnership

A private partnership is a structure involving one or several private developers and/or one or several citizen cooperative(s) committing funds to own a wind farm or part of it.


If a financial partnership is not appropriate, you could explore the possibility of the developer sponsoring specific projects or activities in the local authority.

Community fund

The developer may set up a fund to be distributed over a wide region, and it may be appropriate for the local authority to consider distributing this, or to facilitate the creation of a broader, regional-based entity to spread benefits over a wider geographical area.

Case studies | Submit a case


  • In Wallonia even though the decree that would have made a 24,99% opening for local citizen participation and 24,99% opening for local authority participation mandatory, some developers still contact local initiatives to share their project. When the projects are acceptable from a local community point of view the groups mobilise the silent majority in their communities and collect positive reactions on public consultations, something an outside developer would have difficulty with.
  • In 2007, the Municipality of Villers-le-Bouillet decides to purchase one wind turbine in a wind farm of 5 WT. It is the first example in Belgium of a municipality investing in a "citizen wind turbine".
  • The provinces of Eastern-Flanders and Limburg have introduced a non legally enforcable request to open 20% of any wind project for local participation (10% citizens, 10% local authorities).