Belgium / Flanders
State of play wind capacity installed and 2020 target
Cumulative onshore capacity - end 2015: 812.4 MW
NREAP Target 2020 (onshore, all Belgian territory): 2,320 MW
Legal framework for information and engagement measures
In Flanders there are two separate permits for environment and construction for wind turbines which are integrated into one "surroundings" permit. For large scale wind projects with 20 wind turbines or more, public consultation procedures are in place, based on the Århus convention. Public consultation is also compulsory for protected areas (e.g. habitat, protected landscapes) for sites with 4 wind turbines or more.
The Government of Flanders decided in March 2015 to accelerate the achievement of the renewable energy objective with a so-called ‘Fast Lane’: the placement of wind turbines in areas minimal disturbance is caused.
Legal framework for financial innovative measures
Private public partnership utilising a cooperative structure is possible. Where cooperatives allow members to invest over 5,000 €, or if they collect over 5 million € per year, they are obliged to publish a prospectus.
Members of cooperatives, accredited by the National Council on Cooperatives, can benefit from a tax exemption on dividends up to 6%, not exceeding 190 € per year.
Some provinces and municipalities have encouraged non-enforceable participation levels, usually for 20% of local participation. For leases on land owned by the authorities, some local authorities are issuing tenders with local participation as a selection criteria.